Version: 3.1.1
Graphics Device Interface (GDI)

Detailed Description

The following are functions and macros related to GDI (Graphics Device Interface) access.

Related Overviews: Device Contexts

Related class group: Graphics Device Interface (GDI)

Macros

#define wxDROP_ICON(name)
 This macro creates either a cursor (MSW) or an icon (elsewhere) with the given name (of type const char*). More...
 
#define wxBITMAP(bitmapName)
 This macro loads a bitmap from either application resources (on the platforms for which they exist, i.e. Windows) or from an XPM file. More...
 
#define wxBITMAP_PNG(bitmapName)
 Creates a bitmap from either application resources or embedded image data in PNG format. More...
 
#define wxBITMAP_PNG_FROM_DATA(bitmapName)
 Creates a bitmap from embedded image data in PNG format. More...
 
#define wxICON(iconName)
 This macro loads an icon from either application resources (on the platforms for which they exist, i.e. Windows) or from an XPM file. More...
 

Functions

bool wxIsDragResultOk (wxDragResult res)
 Returns true if res indicates that something was done during a DnD operation, i.e. More...
 
bool wxColourDisplay ()
 Returns true if the display is colour, false otherwise. More...
 
int wxDisplayDepth ()
 Returns the depth of the display (a value of 1 denotes a monochrome display). More...
 
void wxSetCursor (const wxCursor &cursor)
 Globally sets the cursor; only has an effect on Windows, Mac and GTK+. More...
 
void wxClientDisplayRect (int *x, int *y, int *width, int *height)
 Returns the dimensions of the work area on the display. More...
 
wxRect wxGetClientDisplayRect ()
 Returns the dimensions of the work area on the display. More...
 
wxSize wxGetDisplayPPI ()
 Returns the display resolution in pixels per inch. More...
 
void wxDisplaySize (int *width, int *height)
 Returns the display size in pixels. More...
 
wxSize wxGetDisplaySize ()
 Returns the display size in pixels. More...
 
void wxDisplaySizeMM (int *width, int *height)
 Returns the display size in millimeters. More...
 
wxSize wxGetDisplaySizeMM ()
 Returns the display size in millimeters. More...
 
bool wxMakeMetafilePlaceable (const wxString &filename, int minX, int minY, int maxX, int maxY, float scale=1.0)
 Given a filename for an existing, valid metafile (as constructed using wxMetafileDC) makes it into a placeable metafile by prepending a header containing the given bounding box. More...
 

Macro Definition Documentation

#define wxBITMAP (   bitmapName)

This macro loads a bitmap from either application resources (on the platforms for which they exist, i.e. Windows) or from an XPM file.

This can help to avoid using #ifdef when creating bitmaps.

See also
Bitmaps and Icons, wxICON()

Include file:

#include <wx/gdicmn.h> 
#define wxBITMAP_PNG (   bitmapName)

Creates a bitmap from either application resources or embedded image data in PNG format.

This macro is similar to wxBITMAP() but works with bitmap data in PNG format and not BMP or XPM.

Under Windows the given bitmapName must be present in the application resource file with the type RCDATA and refer to a PNG image. I.e. you should have a definition similar to the following in your .rc file:

1 mybitmap RCDATA "mybitmap.png"

to be able to use wxBITMAP_PNG(mybitmap) in the code.

Under OS X the file with the specified name and "png" extension must be present in the "Resources" subdirectory of the application bundle.

Under the other platforms, this is equivalent to wxBITMAP_PNG_FROM_DATA() and so loads the image data from the array called bitmapName_png that must exist. Notice that it must be an array and not a pointer as the macro needs to be able to determine its size. Such an array can be produced by a number of conversion programs. A very simple one is included in wxWidgets distribution as misc/scripts/png2c.py.

Finally notice that you must register PNG image handler to be able to load bitmaps from PNG data. This can be done either by calling wxInitAllImageHandlers() which also registers all the other image formats or including the necessary header:

1 #include <wx/imagpng.h>

and calling

1 wxImage::AddHandler(new wxPNGHandler);

in your application startup code.

See also
wxBITMAP_PNG_FROM_DATA()

Include file:

#include <wx/gdicmn.h> 
Since
2.9.5
#define wxBITMAP_PNG_FROM_DATA (   bitmapName)

Creates a bitmap from embedded image data in PNG format.

This macro is a thin wrapper around wxBitmap::NewFromPNGData() and takes just the base name of the array containing the image data and computes its size internally. In other words, the array called bitmapName_png must exist. Notice that it must be an array and not a pointer as the macro needs to be able to determine its size. Such an array can be produced by a number of conversion programs. A very simple one is included in wxWidgets distribution as misc/scripts/png2c.py.

You can use wxBITMAP_PNG() to load the PNG bitmaps from resources on the platforms that support this and only fall back to loading them from data under the other ones (i.e. not Windows and not OS X).

Include file:

#include <wx/gdicmn.h> 
Since
2.9.5
#define wxDROP_ICON (   name)

This macro creates either a cursor (MSW) or an icon (elsewhere) with the given name (of type const char*).

Under MSW, the cursor is loaded from the resource file and the icon is loaded from XPM file under other platforms.

This macro should be used with wxDropSource::wxDropSource().

Returns
wxCursor on MSW, otherwise returns a wxIcon

Include file:

#include <wx/dnd.h> 
#define wxICON (   iconName)

This macro loads an icon from either application resources (on the platforms for which they exist, i.e. Windows) or from an XPM file.

This can help to avoid using #ifdef when creating icons.

See also
Bitmaps and Icons, wxBITMAP()

Include file:

#include <wx/gdicmn.h> 

Function Documentation

void wxClientDisplayRect ( int *  x,
int *  y,
int *  width,
int *  height 
)

Returns the dimensions of the work area on the display.

This is the same as wxGetClientDisplayRect() but allows to retrieve the individual components instead of the entire rectangle.

Any of the output pointers can be NULL if the corresponding value is not needed by the caller.

See also
wxDisplay

Include file:

#include <wx/gdicmn.h> 
bool wxColourDisplay ( )

Returns true if the display is colour, false otherwise.

Include file:

#include <wx/gdicmn.h> 
int wxDisplayDepth ( )

Returns the depth of the display (a value of 1 denotes a monochrome display).

Include file:

#include <wx/gdicmn.h> 
void wxDisplaySize ( int *  width,
int *  height 
)

Returns the display size in pixels.

Either of output pointers can be NULL if the caller is not interested in the corresponding value.

See also
wxGetDisplaySize(), wxDisplay

Include file:

#include <wx/gdicmn.h> 
void wxDisplaySizeMM ( int *  width,
int *  height 
)

Returns the display size in millimeters.

Either of output pointers can be NULL if the caller is not interested in the corresponding value.

See also
wxGetDisplaySizeMM(), wxDisplay

Include file:

#include <wx/gdicmn.h> 
wxRect wxGetClientDisplayRect ( )

Returns the dimensions of the work area on the display.

On Windows this means the area not covered by the taskbar, etc. Other platforms are currently defaulting to the whole display until a way is found to provide this info for all window managers, etc.

See also
wxDisplay

Include file:

#include <wx/gdicmn.h> 
wxSize wxGetDisplayPPI ( )

Returns the display resolution in pixels per inch.

The x component of the returned wxSize object contains the horizontal resolution and the y one – the vertical resolution.

Include file:

#include <wx/gdicmn.h> 
See also
wxDisplay
Since
2.9.0
wxSize wxGetDisplaySize ( )

Returns the display size in pixels.

See also
wxDisplay

Include file:

#include <wx/gdicmn.h> 
wxSize wxGetDisplaySizeMM ( )

Returns the display size in millimeters.

See also
wxDisplay

Include file:

#include <wx/gdicmn.h> 
bool wxIsDragResultOk ( wxDragResult  res)

Returns true if res indicates that something was done during a DnD operation, i.e.

is neither error nor none nor cancel.

bool wxMakeMetafilePlaceable ( const wxString filename,
int  minX,
int  minY,
int  maxX,
int  maxY,
float  scale = 1.0 
)

Given a filename for an existing, valid metafile (as constructed using wxMetafileDC) makes it into a placeable metafile by prepending a header containing the given bounding box.

The bounding box may be obtained from a device context after drawing into it, using the functions wxDC::MinX(), wxDC::MinY(), wxDC::MaxX() and wxDC::MaxY().

In addition to adding the placeable metafile header, this function adds the equivalent of the following code to the start of the metafile data:

1 SetMapMode(dc, MM_ANISOTROPIC);
2 SetWindowOrg(dc, minX, minY);
3 SetWindowExt(dc, maxX - minX, maxY - minY);

This simulates the wxMM_TEXT mapping mode, which wxWidgets assumes.

Placeable metafiles may be imported by many Windows applications, and can be used in RTF (Rich Text Format) files.

scale allows the specification of scale for the metafile.

This function is only available under Windows.

Include file:

#include <wx/metafile.h> 
void wxSetCursor ( const wxCursor cursor)

Globally sets the cursor; only has an effect on Windows, Mac and GTK+.

You should call this function with wxNullCursor to restore the system cursor.

See also
wxCursor, wxWindow::SetCursor()

Include file:

#include <wx/gdicmn.h>