Version: 3.1.1
wxTextFile Class Reference

#include <wx/textfile.h>

Detailed Description

The wxTextFile is a simple class which allows to work with text files on line by line basis.

It also understands the differences in line termination characters under different platforms and will not do anything bad to files with "non native" line termination sequences - in fact, it can be also used to modify the text files and change the line termination characters from one type (say DOS) to another (say Unix).

One word of warning: the class is not at all optimized for big files and thus it will load the file entirely into memory when opened. Of course, you should not work in this way with large files (as an estimation, anything over 1 Megabyte is surely too big for this class). On the other hand, it is not a serious limitation for small files like configuration files or program sources which are well handled by wxTextFile.

The typical things you may do with wxTextFile in order are:

Library:  wxBase
Category:  File Handling
See also
wxFile

Public Member Functions

 wxTextFile ()
 Default constructor, use Create() or Open() with a file name parameter to initialize the object. More...
 
 wxTextFile (const wxString &strFile)
 Constructor does not load the file into memory, use Open() to do it. More...
 
virtual ~wxTextFile ()
 Destructor does nothing. More...
 
void AddLine (const wxString &str, wxTextFileType type=typeDefault)
 Adds a line to the end of file. More...
 
void Clear ()
 Delete all lines from the file, set current line number to 0. More...
 
bool Close ()
 Closes the file and frees memory, "losing all changes". More...
 
bool Create ()
 Creates the file with the name which was given in the wxTextFile(const wxString&) constructor. More...
 
bool Create (const wxString &strFile)
 Creates the file with the given name. More...
 
bool Eof () const
 Returns true if the current line is the last one. More...
 
bool Exists () const
 Return true if file exists - the name of the file should have been specified in the constructor before calling Exists(). More...
 
size_t GetCurrentLine () const
 Returns the current line: it has meaning only when you're using GetFirstLine()/GetNextLine() functions, it doesn't get updated when you're using "direct access" functions like GetLine(). More...
 
wxStringGetFirstLine ()
 This method together with GetNextLine() allows more "iterator-like" traversal of the list of lines, i.e. More...
 
wxStringGetLastLine ()
 Gets the last line of the file. More...
 
size_t GetLineCount () const
 Get the number of lines in the file. More...
 
wxTextFileType GetLineType (size_t n) const
 Get the type of the line (see also wxTextFile::GetEOL). More...
 
const wxStringGetName () const
 Get the name of the file. More...
 
wxStringGetNextLine ()
 Gets the next line (see GetFirstLine() for the example). More...
 
wxStringGetPrevLine ()
 Gets the previous line in the file. More...
 
void GoToLine (size_t n)
 Changes the value returned by GetCurrentLine() and used by GetFirstLine() and GetNextLine(). More...
 
wxTextFileType GuessType () const
 Guess the type of file (which is supposed to be opened). More...
 
void InsertLine (const wxString &str, size_t n, wxTextFileType type=typeDefault)
 Insert a line before the line number n. More...
 
bool IsOpened () const
 Returns true if the file is currently opened. More...
 
bool Open (const wxMBConv &conv=wxConvAuto())
 Opens the file with the name which was given in the wxTextFile(const wxString&) constructor and also loads file in memory on success. More...
 
bool Open (const wxString &strFile, const wxMBConv &conv=wxConvAuto())
 Opens the file with the given name and also loads file in memory on success. More...
 
void RemoveLine (size_t n)
 Delete line number n from the file. More...
 
bool Write (wxTextFileType typeNew=wxTextFileType_None, const wxMBConv &conv=wxConvAuto())
 Change the file on disk. More...
 
wxStringoperator[] (size_t n) const
 The same as GetLine(). More...
 
wxStringGetLine (size_t n)
 Retrieves the line number n from the file. More...
 
const wxStringGetLine (size_t n) const
 Retrieves the line number n from the file. More...
 

Static Public Member Functions

static const wxCharGetEOL (wxTextFileType type=typeDefault)
 Get the line termination string corresponding to given constant. More...
 

Static Public Attributes

static const wxTextFileType typeDefault
 Default type for current platform determined at compile time. More...
 

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

wxTextFile::wxTextFile ( )

Default constructor, use Create() or Open() with a file name parameter to initialize the object.

wxTextFile::wxTextFile ( const wxString strFile)

Constructor does not load the file into memory, use Open() to do it.

virtual wxTextFile::~wxTextFile ( )
virtual

Destructor does nothing.

Member Function Documentation

void wxTextFile::AddLine ( const wxString str,
wxTextFileType  type = typeDefault 
)

Adds a line to the end of file.

void wxTextFile::Clear ( )

Delete all lines from the file, set current line number to 0.

bool wxTextFile::Close ( )

Closes the file and frees memory, "losing all changes".

Use Write() if you want to save them.

bool wxTextFile::Create ( )

Creates the file with the name which was given in the wxTextFile(const wxString&) constructor.

The array of file lines is initially empty.

It will fail if the file already exists, Open() should be used in this case.

bool wxTextFile::Create ( const wxString strFile)

Creates the file with the given name.

The array of file lines is initially empty.

It will fail if the file already exists, Open() should be used in this case.

bool wxTextFile::Eof ( ) const

Returns true if the current line is the last one.

bool wxTextFile::Exists ( ) const

Return true if file exists - the name of the file should have been specified in the constructor before calling Exists().

size_t wxTextFile::GetCurrentLine ( ) const

Returns the current line: it has meaning only when you're using GetFirstLine()/GetNextLine() functions, it doesn't get updated when you're using "direct access" functions like GetLine().

GetFirstLine() and GetLastLine() also change the value of the current line, as well as GoToLine().

static const wxChar* wxTextFile::GetEOL ( wxTextFileType  type = typeDefault)
static

Get the line termination string corresponding to given constant.

typeDefault is the value defined during the compilation and corresponds to the native format of the platform, i.e. it will be wxTextFileType_Dos under Windows and wxTextFileType_Unix under Unix (including OS X, the value wxTextFileType_Mac was only used for classic Mac OS versions).

wxString& wxTextFile::GetFirstLine ( )

This method together with GetNextLine() allows more "iterator-like" traversal of the list of lines, i.e.

you may write something like:

...
for ( str = file.GetFirstLine(); !file.Eof(); str = file.GetNextLine() )
{
// do something with the current line in str
}
// do something with the last line in str
wxString& wxTextFile::GetLastLine ( )

Gets the last line of the file.

Together with GetPrevLine() it allows to enumerate the lines in the file from the end to the beginning like this:

...
for ( str = file.GetLastLine();
file.GetCurrentLine() > 0;
str = file.GetPrevLine() )
{
// do something with the current line in str
}
// do something with the first line in str
wxString& wxTextFile::GetLine ( size_t  n)

Retrieves the line number n from the file.

The returned line may be modified when non-const method is used but you shouldn't add line terminator at the end – this will be done by wxTextFile itself.

const wxString& wxTextFile::GetLine ( size_t  n) const

Retrieves the line number n from the file.

The returned line may be modified when non-const method is used but you shouldn't add line terminator at the end – this will be done by wxTextFile itself.

size_t wxTextFile::GetLineCount ( ) const

Get the number of lines in the file.

wxTextFileType wxTextFile::GetLineType ( size_t  n) const

Get the type of the line (see also wxTextFile::GetEOL).

const wxString& wxTextFile::GetName ( ) const

Get the name of the file.

wxString& wxTextFile::GetNextLine ( )

Gets the next line (see GetFirstLine() for the example).

wxString& wxTextFile::GetPrevLine ( )

Gets the previous line in the file.

void wxTextFile::GoToLine ( size_t  n)

Changes the value returned by GetCurrentLine() and used by GetFirstLine() and GetNextLine().

wxTextFileType wxTextFile::GuessType ( ) const

Guess the type of file (which is supposed to be opened).

If sufficiently many lines of the file are in DOS/Unix/Mac format, the corresponding value will be returned. If the detection mechanism fails wxTextFileType_None is returned.

void wxTextFile::InsertLine ( const wxString str,
size_t  n,
wxTextFileType  type = typeDefault 
)

Insert a line before the line number n.

bool wxTextFile::IsOpened ( ) const

Returns true if the file is currently opened.

bool wxTextFile::Open ( const wxMBConv conv = wxConvAuto())

Opens the file with the name which was given in the wxTextFile(const wxString&) constructor and also loads file in memory on success.

It will fail if the file does not exist, Create() should be used in this case.

The conv argument is only meaningful in Unicode build of wxWidgets when it is used to convert the file to wide character representation.

bool wxTextFile::Open ( const wxString strFile,
const wxMBConv conv = wxConvAuto() 
)

Opens the file with the given name and also loads file in memory on success.

It will fail if the file does not exist, Create() should be used in this case.

The conv argument is only meaningful in Unicode build of wxWidgets when it is used to convert the file to wide character representation.

wxString& wxTextFile::operator[] ( size_t  n) const

The same as GetLine().

void wxTextFile::RemoveLine ( size_t  n)

Delete line number n from the file.

bool wxTextFile::Write ( wxTextFileType  typeNew = wxTextFileType_None,
const wxMBConv conv = wxConvAuto() 
)

Change the file on disk.

The typeNew parameter allows you to change the file format (default argument means "don't change type") and may be used to convert, for example, DOS files to Unix.

The conv argument is only meaningful in Unicode build of wxWidgets when it is used to convert all lines to multibyte representation before writing them to physical file.

Returns
true if operation succeeded, false if it failed.

Member Data Documentation

const wxTextFileType wxTextFile::typeDefault
static

Default type for current platform determined at compile time.