Version: 3.1.1
wxMBConv Class Referenceabstract

#include <wx/strconv.h>

+ Inheritance diagram for wxMBConv:

Detailed Description

This class is the base class of a hierarchy of classes capable of converting text strings between multibyte (SBCS or DBCS) encodings and Unicode.

This is an abstract base class which defines the operations implemented by all different conversion classes. The derived classes don't add any new operations of their own (except, possibly, some non-default constructors) and so you should simply use this class ToWChar() and FromWChar() (or cMB2WC() and cWC2MB()) methods with the objects of the derived class.

In the documentation for this and related classes please notice that length of the string refers to the number of characters in the string not counting the terminating NUL, if any. While the size of the string is the total number of bytes in the string, including any trailing NUL. Thus, length of wide character string L"foo" is 3 while its size can be either 8 or 16 depending on whether wchar_t is 2 bytes (as under Windows) or 4 (Unix).

Library:  wxBase
Category:  Text Conversion
See also
wxCSConv, wxEncodingConverter, wxMBConv Overview

Public Member Functions

 wxMBConv ()
 Trivial default constructor. More...
 
virtual wxMBConvClone () const =0
 This pure virtual function is overridden in each of the derived classes to return a new copy of the object it is called on. More...
 
virtual size_t GetMBNulLen () const
 This function returns 1 for most of the multibyte encodings in which the string is terminated by a single NUL, 2 for UTF-16 and 4 for UTF-32 for which the string is terminated with 2 and 4 NUL characters respectively. More...
 
virtual bool IsUTF8 () const
 Return true if the converter's charset is UTF-8. More...
 
virtual size_t ToWChar (wchar_t *dst, size_t dstLen, const char *src, size_t srcLen=wxNO_LEN) const
 Convert multibyte string to a wide character one. More...
 
virtual size_t FromWChar (char *dst, size_t dstLen, const wchar_t *src, size_t srcLen=wxNO_LEN) const
 Converts wide character string to multibyte. More...
 
wxWCharBuffer cMB2WC (const char *in, size_t inLen, size_t *outLen) const
 Converts from multibyte encoding to Unicode by calling ToWChar() and allocating a temporary wxWCharBuffer to hold the result. More...
 
wxWCharBuffer cMB2WC (const wxCharBuffer &buf) const
 Converts a char buffer to wide char one. More...
 
wxCharBuffer cWC2MB (const wchar_t *in, size_t inLen, size_t *outLen) const
 Converts from Unicode to multibyte encoding by calling FromWChar() and allocating a temporary wxCharBuffer to hold the result. More...
 
wxCharBuffer cWC2MB (const wxWCharBuffer &buf) const
 Converts a wide char buffer to char one. More...
 
virtual size_t MB2WC (wchar_t *out, const char *in, size_t outLen) const
 
virtual size_t WC2MB (char *buf, const wchar_t *psz, size_t n) const
 
const char * cMB2WX (const char *psz) const
 Converts from multibyte encoding to the current wxChar type (which depends on whether wxUSE_UNICODE is set to 1). More...
 
wxWCharBuffer cMB2WX (const char *psz) const
 Converts from multibyte encoding to the current wxChar type (which depends on whether wxUSE_UNICODE is set to 1). More...
 
const wchar_t * cWC2WX (const wchar_t *psz) const
 Converts from Unicode to the current wxChar type. More...
 
wxCharBuffer cWC2WX (const wchar_t *psz) const
 Converts from Unicode to the current wxChar type. More...
 
const char * cWX2MB (const wxChar *psz) const
 Converts from the current wxChar type to multibyte encoding. More...
 
wxCharBuffer cWX2MB (const wxChar *psz) const
 Converts from the current wxChar type to multibyte encoding. More...
 
const wchar_t * cWX2WC (const wxChar *psz) const
 Converts from the current wxChar type to Unicode. More...
 
wxWCharBuffer cWX2WC (const wxChar *psz) const
 Converts from the current wxChar type to Unicode. More...
 

Static Public Member Functions

static size_t GetMaxMBNulLen ()
 Returns the maximal value which can be returned by GetMBNulLen() for any conversion object. More...
 

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

wxMBConv::wxMBConv ( )

Trivial default constructor.

Member Function Documentation

virtual wxMBConv* wxMBConv::Clone ( ) const
pure virtual

This pure virtual function is overridden in each of the derived classes to return a new copy of the object it is called on.

It is used for copying the conversion objects while preserving their dynamic type.

wxWCharBuffer wxMBConv::cMB2WC ( const char *  in,
size_t  inLen,
size_t *  outLen 
) const

Converts from multibyte encoding to Unicode by calling ToWChar() and allocating a temporary wxWCharBuffer to hold the result.

This function is a convenient wrapper around ToWChar() as it takes care of allocating the buffer of the necessary size itself. Its parameters have the same meaning as for ToWChar(), in particular inLen can be specified explicitly in which case exactly that many characters are converted and outLen receives (if non-NULL) exactly the corresponding number of wide characters, whether the last one of them is NUL or not. However if inLen is wxNO_LEN, then outLen doesn't count the trailing NUL even if it is always present in this case.

Finally notice that if the conversion fails, the returned buffer is invalid and outLen is set to 0 (and not wxCONV_FAILED for compatibility concerns).

wxWCharBuffer wxMBConv::cMB2WC ( const wxCharBuffer buf) const

Converts a char buffer to wide char one.

This is the most convenient and safest conversion function as you don't have to deal with the buffer lengths directly. Use it if the input buffer is known not to be empty or if you are sure that the conversion is going to succeed – otherwise, use the overload above to be able to distinguish between empty input and conversion failure.

Returns
The buffer containing the converted text, empty if the input was empty or if the conversion failed.
Since
2.9.1
const char* wxMBConv::cMB2WX ( const char *  psz) const

Converts from multibyte encoding to the current wxChar type (which depends on whether wxUSE_UNICODE is set to 1).

If wxChar is char, it returns the parameter unaltered. If wxChar is wchar_t, it returns the result in a wxWCharBuffer. The macro wxMB2WXbuf is defined as the correct return type (without const).

wxWCharBuffer wxMBConv::cMB2WX ( const char *  psz) const

Converts from multibyte encoding to the current wxChar type (which depends on whether wxUSE_UNICODE is set to 1).

If wxChar is char, it returns the parameter unaltered. If wxChar is wchar_t, it returns the result in a wxWCharBuffer. The macro wxMB2WXbuf is defined as the correct return type (without const).

wxCharBuffer wxMBConv::cWC2MB ( const wchar_t *  in,
size_t  inLen,
size_t *  outLen 
) const

Converts from Unicode to multibyte encoding by calling FromWChar() and allocating a temporary wxCharBuffer to hold the result.

This function is a convenient wrapper around FromWChar() as it takes care of allocating the buffer of necessary size itself.

Its parameters have the same meaning as the corresponding parameters of FromWChar(), please see the description of cMB2WC() for more details.

wxCharBuffer wxMBConv::cWC2MB ( const wxWCharBuffer buf) const

Converts a wide char buffer to char one.

This is the most convenient and safest conversion function as you don't have to deal with the buffer lengths directly. Use it if the input buffer is known not to be empty or if you are sure that the conversion is going to succeed – otherwise, use the overload above to be able to distinguish between empty input and conversion failure.

Returns
The buffer containing the converted text, empty if the input was empty or if the conversion failed.
Since
2.9.1
const wchar_t* wxMBConv::cWC2WX ( const wchar_t *  psz) const

Converts from Unicode to the current wxChar type.

If wxChar is wchar_t, it returns the parameter unaltered. If wxChar is char, it returns the result in a wxCharBuffer. The macro wxWC2WXbuf is defined as the correct return type (without const).

wxCharBuffer wxMBConv::cWC2WX ( const wchar_t *  psz) const

Converts from Unicode to the current wxChar type.

If wxChar is wchar_t, it returns the parameter unaltered. If wxChar is char, it returns the result in a wxCharBuffer. The macro wxWC2WXbuf is defined as the correct return type (without const).

const char* wxMBConv::cWX2MB ( const wxChar psz) const

Converts from the current wxChar type to multibyte encoding.

If wxChar is char, it returns the parameter unaltered. If wxChar is wchar_t, it returns the result in a wxCharBuffer. The macro wxWX2MBbuf is defined as the correct return type (without const).

wxCharBuffer wxMBConv::cWX2MB ( const wxChar psz) const

Converts from the current wxChar type to multibyte encoding.

If wxChar is char, it returns the parameter unaltered. If wxChar is wchar_t, it returns the result in a wxCharBuffer. The macro wxWX2MBbuf is defined as the correct return type (without const).

const wchar_t* wxMBConv::cWX2WC ( const wxChar psz) const

Converts from the current wxChar type to Unicode.

If wxChar is wchar_t, it returns the parameter unaltered. If wxChar is char, it returns the result in a wxWCharBuffer. The macro wxWX2WCbuf is defined as the correct return type (without const).

wxWCharBuffer wxMBConv::cWX2WC ( const wxChar psz) const

Converts from the current wxChar type to Unicode.

If wxChar is wchar_t, it returns the parameter unaltered. If wxChar is char, it returns the result in a wxWCharBuffer. The macro wxWX2WCbuf is defined as the correct return type (without const).

virtual size_t wxMBConv::FromWChar ( char *  dst,
size_t  dstLen,
const wchar_t *  src,
size_t  srcLen = wxNO_LEN 
) const
virtual

Converts wide character string to multibyte.

This function has the same semantics as ToWChar() except that it converts a wide string to multibyte one. As with ToWChar(), it may be more convenient to use cWC2MB() when working with NUL terminated strings.

Parameters
dstPointer to output buffer of the size of at least dstLen or NULL.
dstLenMaximal number of characters to be written to the output buffer if dst is non-NULL, unused otherwise.
srcPoint to the source string, must not be NULL.
srcLenThe number of characters of the source string to convert or wxNO_LEN (default parameter) to convert everything up to and including the terminating NUL character.
Returns
If is non-NULL, the number of characters actually written to it. If is NULL, the returned value is at least equal to the number of characters that would have been written out if it were non-NULL, but can be larger than it under the platforms using UTF-16 as wchar_t encoding (this allows a useful optimization in the implementation of this function for UTF-32). In any case, wxCONV_FAILED is returned on conversion error.
static size_t wxMBConv::GetMaxMBNulLen ( )
static

Returns the maximal value which can be returned by GetMBNulLen() for any conversion object.

Currently this value is 4.

This method can be used to allocate the buffer with enough space for the trailing NUL characters for any encoding.

virtual size_t wxMBConv::GetMBNulLen ( ) const
virtual

This function returns 1 for most of the multibyte encodings in which the string is terminated by a single NUL, 2 for UTF-16 and 4 for UTF-32 for which the string is terminated with 2 and 4 NUL characters respectively.

The other cases are not currently supported and wxCONV_FAILED (defined as -1) is returned for them.

virtual bool wxMBConv::IsUTF8 ( ) const
virtual

Return true if the converter's charset is UTF-8.

This is provided to optimize creating wxStrings from the char* strings returned by this converter, as they can be directly used with wxString::FromUTF8() or even wxString::FromUTF8Unchecked() when this method returns true.

This function is universally available since wxWidgets 3.1.1 (it was previously only available in some of the build configurations).

virtual size_t wxMBConv::MB2WC ( wchar_t *  out,
const char *  in,
size_t  outLen 
) const
virtual
Deprecated:
This function is deprecated, please use ToWChar() instead.

Converts from a string in multibyte encoding to Unicode putting up to outLen characters into the buffer out.

If out is NULL, only the length of the string which would result from the conversion is calculated and returned. Note that this is the length and not size, i.e. the returned value does not include the trailing NUL. But when the function is called with a non-NULL out buffer, the outLen parameter should be one more to allow to properly NUL-terminate the string.

So to properly use this function you need to write:

size_t lenConv = conv.MB2WC(NULL, in, 0);
if ( lenConv == wxCONV_FAILED )
... handle error ...
// allocate 1 more character for the trailing NUL and also pass
// the size of the buffer to the function now
wchar_t *out = new wchar_t[lenConv + 1];
if ( conv.MB2WC(out, in, lenConv + 1) == wxCONV_FAILED )
... handle error ...

For this and other reasons, ToWChar() is strongly recommended as a replacement.

Parameters
outThe output buffer, may be NULL if the caller is only interested in the length of the resulting string
inThe NUL-terminated input string, cannot be NULL
outLenThe length of the output buffer but including NUL, ignored if out is NULL
Returns
The length of the converted string excluding the trailing NUL.
virtual size_t wxMBConv::ToWChar ( wchar_t *  dst,
size_t  dstLen,
const char *  src,
size_t  srcLen = wxNO_LEN 
) const
virtual

Convert multibyte string to a wide character one.

This is the most general function for converting a multibyte string to a wide string, cMB2WC() may be often more convenient, however this function is the most efficient one as it allows to avoid any unnecessary copying.

The main case is when dst is not NULL and srcLen is not wxNO_LEN (which is defined as (size_t)-1): then the function converts exactly srcLen bytes starting at src into wide string which it output to dst. If the length of the resulting wide string is greater than dstLen, an error is returned. Note that if srcLen bytes don't include NUL characters, the resulting wide string is not NUL-terminated neither.

If srcLen is wxNO_LEN, the function supposes that the string is properly (i.e. as necessary for the encoding handled by this conversion) NUL-terminated and converts the entire string, including any trailing NUL bytes. In this case the wide string is also NUL-terminated.

Finally, if dst is NULL, the function returns the length of the needed buffer.

Example of use of this function:

size_t dstLen = conv.ToWChar(NULL, 0, src);
if ( dstLen == wxCONV_FAILED )
... handle error ...
wchar_t *dst = new wchar_t[dstLen];
if ( conv.ToWChar(dst, dstLen, src) == wxCONV_FAILED )
... handle error ...

Notice that when passing the explicit source length the output will not be NUL terminated if you pass strlen(str) as parameter. Either leave srcLen as default wxNO_LEN or add one to strlen result if you want the output to be NUL terminated.

Parameters
dstPointer to output buffer of the size of at least dstLen or NULL.
dstLenMaximal number of characters to be written to the output buffer if dst is non-NULL, unused otherwise.
srcPoint to the source string, must not be NULL.
srcLenThe number of characters of the source string to convert or wxNO_LEN (default parameter) to convert everything up to and including the terminating NUL character(s).
Returns
The number of characters written (or which would have been written if it were non-NULL) to dst or wxCONV_FAILED on error.
virtual size_t wxMBConv::WC2MB ( char *  buf,
const wchar_t *  psz,
size_t  n 
) const
virtual
Deprecated:
This function is deprecated, please use FromWChar() instead.

Converts from Unicode to multibyte encoding. The semantics of this function (including the return value meaning) is the same as for wxMBConv::MB2WC. Notice that when the function is called with a non-NULL buffer, the n parameter should be the size of the buffer and so it should take into account the trailing NUL, which might take two or four bytes for some encodings (UTF-16 and UTF-32) and not one, i.e. GetMBNulLen().